Physical tests - Fabrics

We test fibres, yarns, fabrics, knitted fabrics and other flat structures for their physical properties such as strength, elasticity, abrasion resistance, thickness and many other.

 

Questions? Contact Johanna Louwagie

Below is a list of the most common fabric tests, divided into different categories.

 

Abrasion

Shopper Abrasion  (per 500 rubs) DIN 53 863 - T2 (1979)
Shopper Abrasion (Loss of weight per 500 rubs) DIN 53 863 - T2 (1979)
Abrasion tests Martindale - yarn rupture EN ISO 12947-2 (1998), corr1 (2002)
Abrasion tests Martindale - yarn rupture ASTM D 4966 (2007)
Taber abrasion (per 2000 cycles) ASTM D 3884 (2009)
Taber Abrasion (per 2000 cycles) ASTM D3884

Construction Parameters

Basic weave ISO 7211-1 (1984)
Derived weave (per hour) ISO 7211-1 (1984)
Mass ISO 3801 methode 5 (1977)*, EN 12127 (1998)*
Mass ISO 9073-1 (1989), EN 29073-1 (1992), NF G 07104
Mass: warp, weft ISO 7211-6 (1984)
Thickness (10 tests) ISO 5084 (1996), ISO 9073-2 (1995/cor:1998)
Number of ends and picks (5) ISO 7211-2 (1984)*, DIN 53853 (1973)*
Number of ends and picks (3) ISO 7211-2 (1984)*, DIN 53853 (1973)*
Yarn count (100) ISO 7211-5 (1984)*, DIN 53830 T3 (1981)*
Yarn count (20) ISO 7211-5 (1984)*, DIN 53830 T3 (1981)*
Crimp factor (50 warp, 30 weft) ISO 7211-3 (1984)
Crimp factor (10 tests) DIN 53 852 (1991)
width ISO 22198: 2006
length ISO 22198: 2006
Length of absorbed yarn: knitted fabric NF G 07 101
stitch density DIN 53 883 (1983)

Dimensional stability

Marking/measuring of fabrics ISO 3759 (2007)*,  EN ISO 3759 (2008)* en ISO 5077 (2007)*,  EN ISO 5077 (2008)*
Marking/measuring of garments ISO 3759 (2007)*,  EN ISO 3759 (2008)* en ISO 5077 (2007)*,  EN ISO 5077 (2008)*
Home laundering EN ISO 6330 (2000)/amd1(2008)*
Relaxation in water ISO 7771 (1985)
Ironing -
Dry cleaning (first test) ISO 3175-2 (1998), cor1 (2002)
Dry cleaning (per additional test) ISO 3175-2 (1998), cor1 (2002)

Wrinkle

Wrinkle recovery ISO 2313 (1972)*, NBN EN 22313 (1992)*
Wrinkle recovery AATCC 66 (2008)
Wash and wear 3 launderings ISO 7769 (2009), AATCC 124 (2006)
Wrinkle recovery (cylinder method) ISO 9867 (2009), AATCC 128 (2004)
Resistance to bending ASTM D 1388 (2008), BS 3356 (1990)
Resistance to bending non woven ISO 9073-7 (1995)
Drapability BS 5058 (1973)
Drapability non woven ISO 9073-9 (2008), EN ISO 9073-8 (1998)

Pilling

Pilling Box ICI (4 or 5 h) EN ISO 12945-1 (2000), IWS TM 152
Pilling Box ICI (36 000 t) EN  ISO 12945-1 (2000),  IWS TM 152
Pilling Martindale ISO 12945-2 (2000), ASTM D 4970 (2007)

Strength

Tensile strength ISO 13934-2 (1999)
Tensile strength ISO 1421 (1998)*
Tensile strength ISO 13934-1 (1999)*
Tensile strength ISO 9073-3 (1989), EN ISO 29073-3 (1992)
Tear test (Elmendorf) ISO 13937-1 (2000), cor (2004)
Tear test (Elmendorf) ISO 4674-2 (1998)
Tear test (Elmendorf) ASTM D 1424 (2009)
Tear test (non-wovens) ISO 9073-4 (1997), EN ISO 9073-4 (1997)
Tear test (Single) ISO 13937-4 (2000)
Tear test (Single) ISO 13937-3 (2000), DIN 53 859-5 (1992)
Strength of seams (per direction) ISO 13935-1 (1999)
Strength of seams (per direction) ISO 13935-2 (1999)
Seam slippage: fixed opening EN ISO 13936-1 (2004)
Seam slippage: fixed opening BS 3320 (1988)
Seam slippage: fixed load EN ISO 13936-2 (2004)
Yarn slippage NF G 07 116, ISO 13936-3 (2005)
Elasticity EN 14704-1 (2005)
Elasticity method A EN 14704-2 (2007)
Elasticity method A EN 14704-3 (2006)
Tensile strength glass fibre meshes  (new and after alkali) EN 13496
Bursting strength ISO 13938-1 (1999), EN 12332-2 (2002), ASTM D 3786 (2009)
Tear strength (nail) NF G 07-145 (1981)

Miscellania

Streak Analyser Test Atlas
Coefficient of friction UGent-VT
Coefficient of friction coated fabrics EN 14882 (2005)
Air permeability ISO 9237 (1995)
water vapour permeability ASTM E96, ISO 2528

Water

Water absorbency DIN 53923 (1978)
Water absorbency ISO 9073-6 (2000)
Water absorbency EN ISO 9073-6 (2000)
Resistance to water: hydrostatic pressure ISO 811 (1981)*, NBN EN 20811 (1992)*
Resistance to surface wetting (Spray Test) ISO 4920 (1981), AATCC 22 (2005)