Enhanced Landfill Mining

Enhanced Landfill Mining is defined as "the safe exploration, conditioning, excavation and integrated valorisation of (historic, present and/or future) landfilled waste streams as both materials (Waste-to-Material) and energy (Waste-to-Energy), using innovative transformation technologies and respecting the most stringent social and ecological criteria." ELFM is part of a wider view of a circular economy and is perfectly complementary to urban mining and recycling in general.
By 2020 Enhanced Landfill Mining is implemented EU wide as a key component of a resource efficient, circular and low carbon economy. The EU’s 150.000 to 500.000 landfills provide for a substantial part of the EU’s material, energy and land needs. ELFM has paved the way for breakthrough exploration, separation, transformation and upcycling technologies that are also used for recycling/urban mining of newly produced waste and residues.

for more information: http://www.eurelco.org