The theme ‘discrimination’ brings together research on processes of inequality, inclusion and exclusion, and discrimination in different life domains such as, amongst others, labour market and education and which are linked to migration and mobility.

ACCESS - Equitable substance use treatment for Migrants and ethnic minorities: a policy analysis

Description: Varying migrant and ethnic minorities (MEM) should be entitled to equitable substance use treatment (SUT) compared to non-MEM populations. In the absence of an established research domain, this study first aims at building a strong theoretical basis. This basis includes reflections on MEM substance user and provider experiences, the cultural competence discourse, MEM substance use prevalence from a social epidemiological perspective, MEM SUT need, demand and offer in the EU and Belgium. The empirical case studies whether and how Flemish substance use treatment policy aims at achieving access, removing barriers, creating responsive services and considering social determinants. This analysis is informed by an ecosocial and social recovery perspective. In concert with a parallel PhD study on MEM experiences (Aline Pouille), this project aims at treatment and policy recommendations.
Promoter(s): Tom Decorte, Wouter Vanderplasschen, Torsten Kolind
Researcher(s): Charlotte De Kock
Department / Research group: Institute for Social Drug Research - Department of Criminology, criminal law and social law
Faculty: Faculty of Law and Criminology

Assimilation processes of migrants in an inter- and multigenerational perspective

Description: This research is about assimilation processes of several generations of migrants (1st, 2nd, 3rd generation) in different time episodes (sixties, eighties, present). Assimilation is not seen as an ideal to reach, but rachter as a possible way of examining processes migrants go through in the receiving country. Assimilation is used as a multidimensional concept, with a structural (education, labour market), cultural (language, leisure time), social (network, membership of organizations) and identificational dimension (self-identification in terms of ethnic/regional/national belonging). Objective as well as subjective components (own perception of migrants) are taken into account. Three studies are planned: a survey with youngsters in the last years of secondary schools in Genk and Sint-Niklaas, family interviews with multigenerational families with a migrant background and a discourse analysis of newspaper articles of different time episodes.
Promoter(s): Ilse Derluyn, Lieve Bradt
Researcher(s): Floor Verhaeghe
Department / Research group: Department of Social Work and Social Pedagogy
Faculty: Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

Cosmopolitan citizenship under construction. A structural-cultural approach to the implementation process of human rights of Roma and Gypsy travellers.

Description: This research starts from the observation that the human rights ideal has not yet been realized, illustrated by the many violations of the rights of one of the most vulnerable groups in our current society, the Roma migrants. In order to understand this discrepancy between the human rights ideal and the reality, we look at how this ideal is being interpreted by different actors (political, judicial, civil society, media) on different levels (transnational, national, local). The human rights instrument can be seen as a social construct, which is given different meanings according to the actor who uses it. The main aim in this research is to unravel the construction process of human rights of Roma migrants, analyzing how the structural positions and discursive strategies of the involved actors influence the contestation in the newspapers concerning human rights after a violation is being proclaimed. This study is carried out through multiple case studies of such violations.
Promoter(s): Lesley Hustinx
Researcher(s): Chloë Delcour
Department / Research group: Department of Sociology/ CST (Centre for Social Theory)
Faculty: Faculty of Political and Social Sciences

EdisTools: Developing training tools for explaining and reducing ethnic discrimination in the fields of education, health care, housing and labour

Description: EdisTools aims to get a better understanding of ethnic inequality and ethnic discrimination in the social domains of health, housing, education and work, so that (often well-intentioned or unconscious) processes that give rise to it can be addressed. EdisTools wants to develop both innovative, scientific knowledge and user-friendly training tools that service providers and organizations in these domains can use.
Promoter(s): Peter Stevens, Stijn Baert, Eva Derous, Piet Van Avermaet, Pieter-Paul Verhaeghe, Sara Willems, Fanny D’hondt, Stijn Schelfhout
Researcher(s): Fanny D'Hondt, Stijn Schelfhout
Department / Research group: Multidisciplinary research project

Equity and vulnerable populuations in primary health care

Description: One of the determinants of inequity in health within society, is the differential access to care and treatment of the patient within the health care system. This doctoral thesis focusses on vulnerable populations, their access to care, their experience of the care process and its outcomes. Following themes are dealt with: Do patients experience discrimination and are their certain groups that feel more discriminated? How do ethnic minorities score on indicators of access to care, the quality of the care process and their outcomes? Do patients with a specific disease burden receive appropriate care? How is the situation for particular vulnerable groups? These questions are answered by both quantitative and qualitative data. We made use of QUALICOPC-database (Quality and Costs of Primary Care in Europe). Also, new data was collected through in-depth interviews with Roma and questionnaires for detainees.
Promoter(s): Sara Willems, Ignaas Devisch
Researcher(s): Lise Hanssens
Department / Research group: Family Medicine and Primary Health Care
Faculty: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Ethnic minority higher education in China

Description: Xiaoling Liu's doctoral research topic is about inequalities in Chinese higher education. Her research focuses on ethnic minority participation and academic experiences, under affirmative action policies, in China’s elite higher education institutions. The study examines the relationship between various forms of social, cultural and economic capital and the associated opportunities and experiences of ethnic minorities. Furthermore, the study intends to elucidate upon the barriers to access experienced by these students and the strategies that they employ to attain high education qualifications.
Promoter(s): Peter Stevens, Jeroen Huisman
Researcher(s): Liu xiaoling
Department / Research group: Department of Sociology/Cultural Diversity: Opportunities & Socialisation
Faculty: Faculty of Political and Social Sciences

Mapping the Invisible City. Spatial Manifestations of sub-Saharan African Diaspora in the mid-size city in Europe (the case of Belgium).

Description: By bringing together knowledge from a broad range of scholarship and developing innovative research methods, this research seeks to establish a critical and multi-layered mapping of the processes and products of physical place making by African diaspora in the mid-sized city in Belgium. The outcome of this research will provide us with new and essential knowledge on (1) the architecture of everyday spaces of African migration in the mid-sized city in Belgium, as well as on (2) the transnational exchange of African place-making strategies. Moreover, this research aims to examine (3) to what extent the spaces of African migration may be considered alternative forms of urban regeneration in the mid-sized city. This way a cross-fertilization between three domains of research will be realized: migrant studies, urban studies and architecture.
Promoter(s): Johan Lagae, Karel Arnaut, Stijn Oosterlynck
Researcher(s): Luce Beeckmans
Department / Research group: Department of Architecture and Urban Planning
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering and Architecture

MATREMI – Mapping and enhancing substance use treatment for migrants & ethnic minorities

Description: The MATREMI project (2019) focused on two shortcomings in the current literature and policy regarding migrants and ethnic minorities (MEM) in substance use treatment (SUT). Firs, the MATREMI project contributed to the more adequate registration of the presence of MEM clients in drug treatment to inform policy making (objective 1) and secondly, gathered the existing Belgian literature (2009-2019) and promising practices (aimed at the reach and retention of and the accessibility for [potential] MEM clients in SUT) in a comprehensive guide for proffesionals (objective 2). The MATREMI project was subsidized by the Federal Science Policy (BELSPO) and builds on the findings from the ZEMIV (2008) and PADUMI (2017) research projects. This project resulted in policy recommendations.
Promoter(s): Tom Decorte, Wouter Vanderplasschen, Torsten Kolind
Researcher(s): Charlotte De Kock, Carla Marscia
Department / Research group: Institute for Social Drug Research - Department of Criminology, criminal law and social law
Faculty: Faculty of Law and Criminology

The relationship between (perceived) racism and ethnic discrimination, opposing school cultures and educational and well-being outcomes for ethnic minority students and native Belgian students

Description: This project investigates Turkish, Moroccan and Eastern European minority students' experiences with racism in Flemish society in general and at their school in particular. Moreover, the determinants of ethnic prejudice among Flemish teachers and pupils are examined. More specifically: 1. The association between the ethnic composition of schools, pupils' teachability and the ethnic prejudice of teachers 2. The association between the ethnic composition of schools, the track in which teachers teach, the ethnic prejudice of teachers and their level of involvement with multicultural teaching 3. The association between a multicultural teacher culture and the ethnic prejudice of Flemish secondary school pupils. 4. The association between secure attachment and ethnic prejudice. 5. The association between the gender composition of schools, ‘laddism’ and ethnic prejudice.
Promoter(s): Peter Stevens, Mieke Van Houtte
Researcher(s): Roselien Vervaet
Department / Research group: Department of Sociology
Faculty: Faculty of Political and Social Sciences

The role of social work in supporting ger residents in the development of aspirations to belong to the Mongolian society

Description: #VERW!
Promoter(s): Griet Roets, Ine Lietaert
Researcher(s): Terbish Bayartsetseg (Tsegi)
Department / Research group: Department of Social Work and Social Pedagogy
Faculty: Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences

UN-MENAMAIS: towards a better understanding of the mechanisms, nature, magnitude and impact of sexual violence in Belgium

Description: "Sexual violence is a major public health, judicial and societal concern in Belgium. UN-MENAMAIS aims to: Objective 1) Map how citizens and migrant residents - including applicants of international protection- in Belgium, aged 16 -100 years, with different sexual orientations, frame sexual violence. Objective 2) Explore to what extent the research population has been subjected to sexual violence or has perpetrated sexual violence since childhood. Objective 3) Map indicatory pathways of how this exposure impacted the lives of victims, their family and peers and professionals they contacted for assistance. Objective 4) Evaluate the forensic sexual assault practices performed by professionals. Objective 5) Formulate recommendations for future policies and practices and provide sensitization scripts. UN-MENAMAIS applies a mixed method approach and runs until April 2021. It is funded by BELSPO (BRAIN). "
Promoter(s): Ines Keygnaert, Tom Vanderbeken
Researcher(s): Lotte De Schrijver
Department / Research group: Public Health and Primary Care
Faculty: Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences

Urban education as a lever towards community building: A historical perspective

Description: In the last two decades, the concept of 'social mix' seems to have become a keyword in urban policy discourse throughout the Western world. The explicated rationale behind such promotion is that social mix will benefit poor and minoritized households, as it is claimed that desegregation will tackle a host of social ills charaterizing disadvantaged neighborhoods. This logic has also been extended to the field of schooling, as it has been argued that socio-ethnically mixed communities, via gentrification, can created mixed schools, which in turn can improve the chances of poor and minoritized pupils. The aim of the current PhD study is to interrogate this master narrative. In order to do this, we focus on two (former) all-minority primary schools, each located in a gentrifiying district of Ghent (Belgium), who have successfully created a mixed student body by catering to the white middle-class newcomers.
Promoter(s): N.N.
Researcher(s): Cedric Goossens
Department / Research group: Department of Social Work en Social Pedagogy
Faculty: Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences