External Seminar by Ralph De Haas

When
27-09-2019 from 11:30 to 12:45
Where
Faculty Council Board, Tweekerkenstraat 2, 2nd floor
Language
English
Organizer
Department of Economics
Contact
economics.seminars@ugent.be
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Gender Discrimination in Small Business Lending. Evidence from a Lab-in-the-Field Experiment in Turkey

By Ralph De Haas (Director of Research at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development)

Please register by Monday 23 September 2019 at https://doodle.com/poll/m4emcbxw9fcdv2tc

 

Abstract

We test for the presence of gender discrimination in small business lending through a lab-in-the-field experiment with 334 Turkish loan officers. Each officer reviews multiple loan applications in which we randomize the applicant’s gender. While unconditional approval rates are the same for male and female applicants, we detect a more subtle form of discrimination. Loan officers are 30 percent more likely to make loan approval conditional on the presence of a guarantor when we present an application as coming from a female instead of a male entrepreneur. This gender discrimination is concentrated among young, inexperienced, and gender-biased loan officers. Discrimination is also most pronounced for loans that perform well in real life, making it costly to the bank. Experimental variation in the available applicant information does not impact lending decisions, suggesting that the nature of discrimination is implicit rather than statistical.

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