UGent @ Work seminarie #3

25-05-2021 van 11:30 tot 13:00
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Brecht Neyt
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11.30h–11.55h Presentation Céline Baele
11.55h–12.05h Feedback Els Clays (discussant)
12.05h–12.15h Feedback other attendees

12.15h–12.45h Presentation Lieven Annemans
12.45h–13.00h Feedback other attendees

Presentation Céline Baele

Title: “Morality Matters”: the relative impact of 'moral demands' on indicators of wellbeing in healthcare employees. The development and validation of the Moral Distress-Appraisal Scale.

Authors: Céline Baele and Johnny Fontaine

Abstract: A better knowledge of the job aspects that predict health carers wellbeing is important in view of stress prevention and health promotion. In nursing research, moral distress – arising when one is constrained from acting morally – has been receiving increased attention as a phenomenon that is associated with negative outcomes. The context-specific nature of existing moral distress measures makes it difficult, if not impossible, to compare the prevalence and impact of moral distress across work settings and healthcare professions. The aims of this study were to develop and validate the Moral Distress-Appraisal Scale (MD-APPS) as a context-independent assessment instrument. A total of 406 healthcare employees completed a quantitative survey consisting of a standard measure for moral distress and the MD-APPS. Of this sample, a subset (n = 164) received extra questions on work characteristics and wellbeing outcomes. Confirmatory factor analysis provided evidence for the predicted structure of the 8-item MD-APPS. The scale was positively correlated with the MDS-R, job demands, burnout and depressive symptoms, and turnover intentions, and negatively with job resources and job satisfaction. Furthermore, the newly developed scale showed incremental validity in predicting wellbeing outcomes, above and beyond both known predictive work characteristics and the standard measure. The MD-APPS can serve as a context-independent measure for moral distress, allowing for comparison across nursing contexts and healthcare professions, even beyond healthcare. This study suggests that the moral dimension of work should be taken into account in order to improve working conditions and occupational health in the healthcare sector.

Discussant: Els Clays

Slides: click here

Presentation Lieven Annemans

Title: Wellbeing@work: testing the job - demands resources (J-DR) model in the Belgian COVID19-context

Abstract: Within the context of the UGent-NN National Happiness Survey we investigated wellbeing at work before and during the COVID19 pandemic in Belgium. We tested the relationship between on the one hand objective and subjective Job Demands and several types of Job Resources (quality of leadership, autonomy, relatedness, competence, …) and on the other hand Job Satisfaction. Several significant relations were obtained suggesting the possibilities of improving wellbeing at work via interventions directed to reducing/optimizing Demands and improving Resources.

Slides: click here