Module 8: Multilevel Analysis for Grouped and Longitudinal Data

Dates - Venue - Description - Target audience - Exam
Course prerequisites - Teacher - Course material - Fees - Enrol


Three full days: Wednesday 6, Thursday 7 and Friday 8 April, 2016 from 9 am till 4 pm.


Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Site Dunant, Dunantlaan 1, pc-room 1, 1st floor, Ghent.


Social research often concerns relationships between individuals and the social contexts to which they belong. This can be conceptualized as a hierarchical structure, with individuals nested within groups.

Classical examples are educational research, with pupils nested within schools, and cross-national research, with individuals nested within their national units. They involve two level data: group level and individual level variables.

We need multilevel modeling to study the relationships between variables observed at different levels in the hierarchical structure.

This can also cover longitudinal research, by viewing measurement occasions as nested within respondents, and extends to situations where data have a more complex multilevel structure, such as cross-classified data or multiple-membership models.

This short course is intended as a basic and nontechnical introduction to multilevel analysis.

It starts with a description of some examples, and shows why multilevel models are necessary if the data have a hierarchical structure. It then covers the basic theory of two- and three-level models.

Next it explains how multilevel models can be applied to analyzing longitudinal data, and why and when this may be an attractive analysis approach, as compared to more classical analysis methods such as multivariate analysis of variance (Manova).

The course includes three computer labs, where multigroup and longitudinal data are analyzed. The computer labs in the course use the multilevel program HLM and the SPSS Mixed procedure, which is available in SPSS starting with version 11.5.

Target audience

This course targets professionals and investigators from diverse areas ranging from researchers in the behavioral and social sciences to whoever deals with data with a hierarchical or multilevel structure.


Participants can, if they wish, take part in an exam. Upon succeeding in this test a certificate from Ghent University will be issued to participants with a university degree at the bachelor level or an equivalent degree.

To qualify for reimbursement from the UGent Doctoral Schools one must attend all classes and pass the exam. Additional conditions and procedure.

Course prerequisites

The course assumes reasonable familiarity with analysis of variance and multiple regression analysis, but prior knowledge of multilevel modeling is not assumed.


Foto Leoniek Wijngaards-de MeijProf. dr. Leoniek Wijngaards-de Meij is Professor in Applied Statistics at the Department of Methodology and Statistics of the Faculty of Social Sciences at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She received a Master in Clinical Psychology and a PhD in Dyadic processes of parents grieving their child in Clinical Psychology at Utrecht University.

She has worked as statistical consultant on multilevel analysis for numerous social science research projects.

She has been teaching courses on Multilevel Analysis on both Graduate and Undergraduate level. These courses include Multilevel for Research Masters, ML Minor courses and a Multilevel Summer School at Utrecht University, and PhD courses for several institutes including the KLI (Research Institute for Social Psychology), the EPP (Research Institute for PsychoPathology) and the Erasmus University.

Course material

Copies of course notes.

The course is based on: J.J. Hox (2010), "Multilevel Analysis. Techniques and Applications", 2nd edition, New York: Routledge, ISBN 978-1848728462.


A different price applies, depending on your main type of employment.

EmploymentModule 8BookExam
Private sector/Industry1 900 50 30
Non-profit, government, university outside AUGent2 405 50 30
(Doctoral)student outside AUGent2 315 50 30

1 If three or more employees from the same company enrol simultaneously for this course a reduction of 10% on the module price is taken into account.

2 AUGent-personnel and AUGent doctoral students who pay through use of an SAP internal order/invoice can participate at these special rates.

Enrol for this course