The PhD Training Network on Durable, Reliable and Sustainable Structures with Alkali-Activated Materials (DuRSAAM)


  • Yubo Sun
  • Ivana Krajnovic
  • Alessandro Proia
  • Guang Ye (supervisor)
  • Geert De Schutter (supervisor)
  • Stijn Matthys (supervisor)


The design, durability and performance of structures play a crucial role in fostering societal and economic growth. Concrete structures are used extensively for buildings, transport, infrastructure and maritime applications. By using concrete extraordinary structures can be realised, and these are often designed for long service lives to gain optimal value from the material, environmental, intellectual and financial input into the making of the structure. In Europe, around 4 tonnes of concrete per capita are consumed annually. The downside of using concrete is associated with durability issues and huge environmental costs, as the cement industry accounts for 8% of global anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions; and around 60% of all non-renewable resources are used in construction, making it one of the least sustainable industries. There is a clear demand for a new, sustainable generation of construction materials, since Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC)-based concrete cannot meet all the challenges of modern society concerning durability and sustainability. The DuRSAAM action addresses this by establishing a training and research network contributing to a sustainable built environment using AAM concrete. The aim of DuRSAAM is to strengthen the European research area on eco-efficient construction materials and the increased competitiveness of Europe's construction sector, in applying concrete technology based on alkali-activated materials (AAM) for a more sustainable build environment.

Graphical abstract (landscape) Yubo Sun


Partners project Yubo Sun